CBD Glossary: Get up to date on the language

Starting out taking CBD can be really intimidating. It's like a whole new world and everyone speaks a different language. But as you get into it, you soon start to realise the same few words come up over and over. 

Here's the top commonly used words to get you up to speed:

BIOAVAILABILITY
The amount of CBD which is actually absorbed into your body. This varies by delivery format. For example, oils have a higher bioavailability than edibles because the later has to pass through the digestion tract.
BROAD SPECTRUM
CBD which is extracted with all the compounds of the plant: CBD, other cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes—but not THC. 
CANNABINOID

These are compounds that interact with the receptors in our Endocannabinoid system. We produce cannabinoids in our body called endocannabinoids but they are also produced by plants and called phytocannabinoids. CBD is a phytocannabinoid

CBD

Stands for cannabidiol. It is a phytocannabinoid found in both the hemp and marijuana plants of the cannabis family. There is ongoing research into the effects of CBD currently but early research suggests it may be used to help with acute discomfort, inflammation, sleep and mood disorders.

DURATION How long the CBD effects last. For example, the effect of CBD edibles last longer than oils because they take longer to digest.
ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM

In the early 1990's, researchers discovered a whole new system in our body called the endocannabinoid system. This system is responsible for overall homeostatis in our body, meaning it keeps our bodies in check even if there are external triggers happening (such as stress, anxiety etc.) We naturally produce endocannabinoids but we can also support our ECS through taking plant cannabinoids such as CBD.

ENTOURAGE EFFECT 

Simply put, the entourage effect means that all the plant compounds (all the other cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids) work best together rather than isolating them apart. Studies show the the whole plant works better together than the sum of its parts.

FULL SPECTRUM CBD

Full spectrum CBD means all the compounds of the cannabis plant:  CBD, other cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes and trace amounts of THC (less than 0.3%, as required by law). It produces “the entourage effect.”

HEMP

The cannabis plant has two strains: a marijuana plant and a hemp plant. The hemp plant is the sativa plant which produces higher concentrations of CBD and low concentrations of THC. 

ISOLATE

A CBD isolate is pure CBD. All the  other plant compounds have been stripped away.

TERPENES

Terpenes are aromatic oils secreted by plants and it's what gives the plant its smell. For example, lavender is a terpene.  Terpenes play a key role in differentiating CBD and their effects. For example, CBD with a predominant terpene of myrcene will have a more sedative effect. In comparison a-pinene is a terpene known for its energy effect.

THC

Stands for tetrahydrocannabinol, it is the most abundant cannabinoid found in cannabis.

It gives the "high" cannabis is known for. THC is known for its medical benefits and is being prescribed by medical cannabis doctors for a host of reasons.

Full spectrum CBD wellness products contain only trace elements (less than .3%) of THC so will never make you high.