Many people still don't know what CBD is in Ireland or how it can help their health. Even worse, there are still many existing stigmas of CBD in Ireland. Last year, when we interviewed Irish people around their knowledge of CBD, we were shocked to discover there was a general lack of awareness around CBD and even worse, many misinformed people.
This article outlines some of the common questions we get from Irish consumers and finally sets the record straight about CBD in Ireland.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, is a natural compound found in the hemp plant which belongs to the cannabis plant family.
CBD is just one compound, but there are over 120 compounds (plus120 😎) called cannabinoids found in the plant. CBD is extracted from the flowers of hemp plants and it is available to purchase on its own, or can be added to other products such as creams, tinctures, capsules and more.
CBD is arguably the most popular, and also the most misunderstood, ingredient in health and wellness products today.
Is CBD oil legal in Ireland?
First off, let’s cut to the chase here: Is CBD oil legal in Ireland?
The legality of CBD in Ireland is a much-debated matter, but with some recent high-profile cases such as the Little Collins raid in the news, it's time to take a closer look at the facts.
CBD oil is legal in Ireland however, there are a few stipulations:
- It needs to be made from the hemp plant with less than 0.3% THC.
- It can never be advertised as medicine.
- Since March 2021, CBD can now only be sold as a novel food. This is a big change from CBD sold as a food supplement and CBD companies are now required to obtain a license for every product they sell.
The confusion around CBD and its legality often comes from its relationship with THC, the illegal substance which will get you high.
- CBD comes from the hemp plant with trace elements of THC only.
- THC is abundant in the marijuana plants which will are illegal and are in the list of controlled substances under the Misuse of Drugs Act.
Where to buy CBD oil Ireland?
Buying a good quality CBD Oil in Ireland is not an easy task.
There are many things that should be taken into consideration. You will need to look at the CBD type, safety, quality, and ethics of the CBD company selling the CBD product.
You will see many CBD products in pharmacies across Ireland like Boots and many Irish pharmacies.
However, you should know there is a big difference between buying in traditional bricks and mortar stores and specialised e-Commerce stores.
Full spectrum vs. Isolated CBD products
Most traditional brick and mortar stores like these well-known pharmacies will sell isolates or broad-spectrum CBD products.
Full-spectrum products have the most therapeutic potential and I encourage all customers to get educated and know the difference between isolates vs. broad-spectrum and full-spectrum products
| Full spectrum oils show the most therapeutic benefits according to studies
What is the strongest CBD oil in Ireland?
This is one of our most frequently asked questions and unfortunately it is not a simple answer.
That’s because it is not just about CBD, that is only one cannabinoid but it’s about how all the plant cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids work together bringing together what is called the ‘entourage effect’.
To demonstrate this point, you could buy a 20% CBD oil that is made from isolated CBD that is far less effective than a full spectrum 8% CBD oil.
For this reason, for customers looking for strong CBD, I will always recommend our CBD paste products because they are the closest to the plant matter that you can get. Paste products contain the most amount of plant cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids as they have not been diluted in any carrier oils.
How exactly does CBD work?
Around 30 years ago, scientists discovered we have another body system called an ‘Endocannabinoid system’, described as one of the most important bodily systems.
The ECS has been implicated in a variety of disease states and important regulatory functions, including:
- Autonomic functions
- Bladder function
- Cancer control
- Energy balance
- Female reproductive function GI function
- Metabolic functions
- Motor control
- Regulation of pain
Adapted from Medical Cannabis Clinicians Society Handbook
CBD Works with the Endocannabinoid System (ECS)
It’s a little complicated but here’s the science of how CBD works with our ECS:
- CBD blocks an enzyme called fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH).
- FAAH stops the breakdown of anandamide
Anandamide is a little like serotonin, it's our ‘bliss molecule’ which has mood-boosting effects and strong anti-inflammatory effects
👉 So essentially, one way CBD works is indirectly with the ECS by keeping us with high anandamide levels.
Of course there are many other ways CBD works outside of our ECS such as activating our serotonin receptors, binding with our pain receptors, acting on our CB2 receptors to produce anti-inflammatory responses in brain immune cells and generally being a very powerful anti-oxidant.