First time users guide
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, is a natural compound found in the hemp plant which belongs to the cannabis plant family.
CBD is just one compound, but there are over 120 photo-cannabinoids (plus120 😎) found in the plant.
CBD is extracted from the flowers of hemp plants and it is available to purchase on its own, or can be added to other products such as creams, tinctures, capsules and more.
Over the past few years, CBD in Ireland have been gaining popularity in Ireland and across the world for their wide range of wellness benefits.
Confusion with marijuana.
CBD is often confused with marijuana, another plant within the same family. Marijuana plans contain high Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the infamous cannabinoid which will get you high.
CBD will not make you feel high, stoned or anything else that is associated with recreational cannabis.
Is CBD safe or addictive?
CBD oil in Ireland is safe if it’s bought from a reputable store. A report by the World Health Organisation found CBD to be generally well tolerated with a good safety profile.
|| "To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD” - World Health Organisation
CBD is non addictive. Infact, CBD has been shown in many studies to hold potential as a treatment for addictive behaviours.
Types of CBD oil
We know from some of the scientific literature that CBD works best alongside the synergistic effect of other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids. This is known as the “entourage effect”.
In order to do this, the extraction process is carefully done so that all the natural compounds like photo-cannabinoids, terpenes etc. are preserved.
👉 KEY POINT I: No one cannabinoid acting independently (e.g. CBD) will produce the best health benefits.
👉 KEY POINT II: While many people will focus on the strength of the CBD oil, more importantly is the type of CBD oil.
A lower strength whole plant or full spectrum CBD oil is far superior to a high strength CBD isolate (often marketed as “pure CBD”)
6 different types of CBD oil
Unrefined CBD extract.
Dense in cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential plant components
❤️ Full entourage effect
Refined CBD extract.
Dense in cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential plant components
❤️ Full entourage effect
Refined CBD extract.
Some cannabinoids have been removed such as THC, THCV and CBN. Sometimes broad spectrum oil are “Fake” i.e. they are really isolated CBD with terpenes added back in.
🧡 Possible entourage effect (but not as effective as full)
Overly refined CBD oil.
Many cannabinoids and terpenes have been removed through a rigorous extraction process.
⛔Limited entourage effect
Pure CBD extract.
All cannabinoids have been removed with the exception of CBD. Is often marketed as “pure CBD” . Require very high doses to be effective.
⛔No entourage effect
Refined hemp oil
Contains vitamins, minerals and omega’s and trace amount of CBD only
⛔No entourage effect
Buying CBD: Buy the right type of CBD oil
Buying CBD is complex! You can buy plant derived natural CBD or cheaply made synthetic non-plant derived CBD, which will not have nearly the same benefits.
Pricing ranges hugely and it’s difficult to tell the good quality CBD from the poor quality. One of the most important things to know when buying CBD is the type of CBD you are buying.
Full Spectrum, broad and isolated CBD are the 3 most common types of CBD you can purchase online or in stores. Which is better?
Whole plant or full spectrum oils work the best as they benefit from the entourage effect, the synergistic effect of all plant compounds together.
|| Darker CBD oils with an intense or bitter taste indicate natural whole plant and full extracts.
|👉 KEY POINT I: When buying CBD, check the certificate for all the other cannabinoids present.
CBD with a small legal dose of THC alongside other minor cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN etc. and other plant compounds (terpenes, flavonoids) present will work the best.
About CBD oil in Ireland
Many people still don't know what CBD oil in Ireland is or how it can help them. Even worse, there are still many existing stigmas of CBD oil in Ireland.
Last year, when we interviewed Irish people about their knowledge of CBD, we were shocked to discover there was a general lack of awareness around CBD and even worse, many misinformed people.
Is CBD oil legal in Ireland?
CBD oil is legal in Ireland under EU law as long as it:
- Is made from hemp plants (and not marijuana plants)
- Is never sold or advertised as medicine and no health claims can be made
- Contains the legal limit of THC
- Is not sold in the form of hemp flower
- Has a novel foods license if the CBD oil is extracted with newer extraction methods like C02 extraction.
What does CBD do? / CBD oil benefits
There has been rapid acceleration into CBD research over recent years.
Most of the published scientific studies for CBD cover the areas of:
- Reducing Inflammation
- Mood disorders (esp. CBD for anxiety)
- Positive Neuroprotective Effects
- Helps with treatment resistant epilepsy
- Powerful antioxidant
And many many more studies of which there are too many to mention. CBD is popular among all age groups and is also increasingly being used by seniors (over the age of 65).
It is also very commonly used for women going through the menopause
In 2021, a large UK study was done to ask people why they use CBD and the following reasons were given:
How does CBD work?
After talking about the benefits of CBD, it’s hard not to ask - but how can CBD do all that?
One reason why CBD is taught to have so many positive benefits is due to its role in our endocannabinoid system (ECS).
The ECS is a complex cell-signalling system throughout our brains and almost every organ in our bodies.
|| The main function of the endocannabinoid system is to support the body in maintaining homeostasis, or balance.
Think of homeostasis like your body’s way of keeping everything within a certain range (or balance). Certain things can trigger our endocannabinoid system to go out of balance, for example:
- being exposed to extreme cold or heat,
- toxins in our environment
- harmful bacteria
- viruses we’ve been exposed
- or even life events such as a stressful event coming up
|| It is an imbalance in our endocannabinoid system which can cause disturbances and diseases.
In today’s always-on, ultra-stressed world, the endocannabinoid system is more important than ever.
👉 KEY POINT I: Our health is all about homeostasis. If we lose this delicate balance, we face health issues.
Humans produce endo-cannabinoids:
These are chemical messengers which bind to our receptors (locks) in our endocannabinoid system to keep it in balance.
Plants produce phyto-cannabinoids:
Phyto-cannabinoids also bind to the receptors(locks) in our endocannabinoid system to keep it in balance.
👉 KEY POINT I: Endocannabinoid's are designed to help maintain the health level of the body. We can supplement plant phyto-cannabinoids, like CBD.
The importance of our Endocannabinoid system
The endocannabinoid system has been implicated in a number of diseases including:
- Bladder function
- Cancer control
- Energy balance
- Female reproductive function
- Immune system
- GI function
- Metabolic functions
- Regulation of pain
- Stress response
Adapted from the Medical Cannabis Clinicians Society Handbook
|| The endocannabinoid system affects how you “relax, eat, sleep, forget and protect”
- Vincenzo Di Marzo.
👉 KEY POINT I: CBD has such wide-ranging effects because it supports our endocannabinoid system, which is located throughout our brains and body.
👉 KEY POINT II: CBD has helps maintain the levels of endocannabinoids in our bodies. We can supplement our bodies with plant phytocannabinoids, like CBD.
You can read more about the role of our endocannabinoid system
Choosing how to take CBD oil
There's an exciting amount of ways to take CBD thanks to on-going innovations in the space. These include oils, edibles, sprays, pastes, creams and lotions.
What's the best way for you to take it? It really depends on a number of different things such as:
- Why are you using it?
- Does your condition need localised treatment or whole-body?
- How fast do you need it to act?
- How long do you want it to last?
- How important is taste to you
Different ways to take CBD
Most popular way to take CBD. It is taken sublingually (drops or spray under your tongue).
CBD also can be taken as CBD capsules for simplicity and efficiency.
CBD pastes are the raw versions of CBD and are not mixed with a carrier oil like coconut oils. They come in a syringe and looks like a brown gooey paste.
Topicals are placed directly onto the skin where they are absorbed immediately by the endocannabinoid receptors all over our skin to provide comfort and relief to the skin, muscles and joints.
CBD Edibles or CBD Gummies
A gentle introduction for beginners who might be concerned about smell, taste or dosage.
Vaporising CBD may not be as common as ingesting CBD like oils but can be a very effective way to take CBD especially for pain. It is very fast acting and has a higher absorption rate with some studies reporting up to 56% better absorption compared to other methods
CBD dosage guide:
CBD & dosages can be seriously confusing when you start out. All those mg's and percentages, droppers and drops. Where do you even begin?
But, it doesn't have to be this confusing. We will explain how to start off taking your first dose of CBD in 5 steps below.
Finding the right dose for you takes time, commitment and consistency.
What dosage is right for me?
No one can recommend the right dose for you because everybody’s endocannabinoid tone is unique.
👉KEY POINT: A person’s endocannabinoid tone will determine how much CBD they will need to take to help support their endocannabinoid system. For example body weight, age, metabolism etc. all influence CBD dosage.
5 STEPS TO FIGURE OUT YOUR CBD DOSAGE
CHOOSE YOUR STRENGTH
CBD is sold in bottles of both percentages (e.g. 5% CBD) or amount in milligrams (500MG). If you are buying CBD in milligrams, make sure to pay attention to the size of the bottle. 500MG in 10ml bottle is 5% but in a 30ml bottle is only 1.7%.
Below is a guide only based on 10ml bottle:
What strength CBD oil is right for me, is the one of the most common questions we get from consumers but ultimately a better question is what is a good CBD oil. Once you choose a good CBD oil, you can always increase the amount you take.
CHOOSE YOUR DOSAGE
As described above, a person's endocannabinoid tone will determine the dosage of CBD that will work for them to balance their endocannabinoid system.
|| Just remember the golden rule is - start slow, go low.
Ultimately, what you are trying to do is find your 'dosing sweet spot': the minimum dose needed to achieve a desired effect.
A starting dose we see recommended is around 10mg. Please note, this is not medical advice.
PLAN YOUR NEW CBD ROUTINE.
So you've figured out what strength you're going to take and how much, next up - when are you going to take it?
There are a few different approaches to taking CBD: taking it throughout the day as a 'microdose' or taking one standard dose at some point in the day. e.g. you could one standard dose of 10mg before bed or you could take smaller doses of cbd during the day (microdose)
Microdosing is becoming an increasingly popular way to take CBD. The theory is when you microdose on CBD oil, you will spread the therapeutic effects of CBD over the day.
Here’s an example of microdose using the BioBloom 10% CBD oil, one of our most popular oils.
Example of microdose dosage for daytime calmness.
1 drop = 4% of BioBloom 10% oil
Example of dosage to use CBD oil for sleep
* Everyone's endocannabinoid tone is unique and what works for one person won’t work for the next. However, a good place to start is on a low dose and slowly increase the dose week by week. You want to find the minimum dose that gives you the results you are after.
** CBD is biphasic which means smaller doses are more energising and larger doses are sedating. It is a better strategy to think about taking bigger doses in the evenings. Taking CBD during the day will not make you tired
CBD hemp tea is a great accompaniment to CBD oil in the evenings as they work synchronistically together.
TAKE YOUR CBD
Now you've decided when you take your CBD, then take your CBD!
The best time to take CBD depends on why you are taking it.
EXPERIMENT, EVALUATE & RE-ADJUST
View getting the perfect dosage of CBD oil as an experiment, one that you are committed to doing.
|| Ask yourself: how do I feel? Is this helping me?
Remember you will need to take CBD consistently, for at least 2 weeks daily for it to build up in your body.
How to choose a good CBD oil - checklist
There are lots of high quality CBD products made with clean ingredients with farmers who only use organic fertilisers but unfortunately, in an unregulated market, there are others, who don't do this and that leaves us (the customers) vulnerable if we don't educate ourselves.
So we've put together a checklist to choose a great CBD product so you can become informed customers and know what to look for. You can read more about how to choose a good CBD product
How to purchase a CBD oil, ask yourself:
Are there any CBD side effects?
There are few known side effects from CBD oil. However, saying that - at very high doses people have reported fatigue, diarrahea and reduced appetite.
There are some medications which interact with CBD and they are all listed here.
Can you drive after taking CBD oil?
It is legal to take CBD oil in Ireland and drive. However, we always encourage customers to make sure to buy a CBD oil that they are confident that is safe and they know what is inside.
You can read more about how to do this in our CBD oil and driving blog
Are CBD oil and hemp seed oil the same thing?
No, definitely not. Hemp oil is made from the seeds of the hemp plant and contains very little CBD oil.
CBD on the other hand is made primarily from the sticky trichomes of cannabis flowers. It is much more expensive to make and is where most of the health benefits are located.
You can read more about the differences between CBD oil and hemp oil
Customers also often get confused between CBD oil, cannabis and hemp oil. They are not the same. CBD oil is legal in Ireland whereas cannabis oil is illegal.
How does CBD makes you feel?
One question we get all the time is, how will CBD make me feel?
CBD does not make you feel high because, unlike THC, it is non-intoxicating.
Depending on the person and the quantity of CBD consumed, some people report no noticeable sensations while others experience a feeling of relaxation and general grounding.
Which CBD oil is best for dogs?
The best CBD oil for dogs in Ireland is certified organic, follows good manufacturing practice , has lab certificates provided with every batch and is lower strength (between 2 - 10%)
You can read more about the best CBD oil for dogs